Stockings have an exceptionally lengthy history – hand-knitted examples, dating from the 12th century could still be seen in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Yet mass production was only possible using equipment, and it remained in 1589 Reverend William Lee from the town of Calverton near Nottingham who invented the framework weaving device – as well as he had no mechanical understanding whatsoever!
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The story goes that Reverend Lee loved a young lady in his local village. Each time he saw her, his passion was squashed as all she did was to concentrate on her equipping knitting! Spurned the curate is stated to have determined to make a computerized knitting process so that hand knitting would certainly become obsolete! It took him three years to working from this suggestion, surrendering his curate’s placement to devote himself completely to the task.
After 3 years the stocking-weaving equipment, made nearly completely of wood, was functional. It was an exceptional undertaking undoubtedly as he was a curate without official mechanical training, and also his tools were primitive. He needed to conquer impressive technological difficulties – as an example the preliminary variation of the maker had the needles penetrated a portion of wood! When his preliminary machine, stated to be a 12 gauge and using wool, was functioning he educated his sibling James as well as other family members on the use of the loom.
Queen Elizabeth was recognized to enjoy silk stockings so he took a trip to London to request the patronage of the queen. His determination settled as well as he was at some point given a target market with the queen however when he showed the maker to her, he was stunned as she did not provide the anticipated sponsorship. She was reputedly concerned that such automation of stocking manufacture in this way would certainly place a large number of hand knitters of stockings unemployed.
Feeling turned down, and at the pointer of one Sully, a preacher of Henry IV’s court, he travelled to Rouen in France in 1605. At this time Rouen was just one of the most crucial facilities of manufacture in France. All was functioning well – he had taken his brother as well as seven workmen, and also with Henry IV’s patronage was mass manufacturing stockings for the very first time, at the same time making use of no much less than nine looms. After that catastrophe struck – Henry IV was murdered as well as unexpectedly Rev Lee had no customer – he got on his own, and also not in his very own country. His privileges were taken out. Devastated he tried to combat a situation in the Paris courts but he stopped working. He passed away in Paris, broken-hearted and also impoverished not long after.
Nonetheless his bro together with seven workmen managed to escape France, bringing 7 impends with them back to Thoroton in Nottinghamshire. There he established a mill where Ashton, a workman that had actually previously been trained by William Lee prior to his ill-fated separation, joined him. This area of Nottingham was perfect location for woolen stocking manufacture as the high quality of the woollen was much better – the staple or cross-linking of the fibres created a stronger thread well matched to weaving.
Nottingham area came to be the center for equipping production and also from this factor on stocking weaving became an essential market for England. England protected this technological expertise very closely, as well as by 1696 it was really illegal to export an impend for making stockings. Any person caught had their equipment confiscated and also were great the substantial (at that time) amount of forty extra pounds.